Landmarks in the Media Violence Debate: Decade by Decade
Key events in research, legislation and public awareness over 50 years.1950s: Rise in youth crime and juvenile delinquency prompts congressional hearings on television violence.
First congressional hearings on violence in radio and television and its impact on children and youth held by House Interstate and Foreign Commerce Subcommittee.
1960's: Urban violence prompts more congressional hearings and government funding of research on TV violence.
University of Pennsylvania begins monitoring television programming.
Sept. 23, 1969
1970s: More congressional hearings; academic studies proliferate; court cases examine liability of TV in cases of real violence.
Surgeon general's report on violence cites evidence of link between screen violence and aggressive behavior.
1980s: Reagan-era deregulation gives media free rein; cable TV, VCRs and rise of independent networks diminish power of networks to control violence on TV.
National Institutes of Mental Health study says there's a clear consensus on link between TV violence and aggression.
1990s: Networks issue a joint statement of policies on TV violence, made possible by an antitrust exemption passed by Congress. Anti-violence advocates step up pressure.
Simon-Glickman Television Violence Act gives three major networks an antitrust exemption so they can formulate joint policy on violence. Nothing happens.